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involve

时间:2021-10-11 22:11人气:来源: 未知
vt. 包括, 使陷于, 潜心于, 包围
【医】 累及, 牵涉, 包含名词:involvement 动词过去式:involved 过去分词:involved 现在分词:involving 第三人称单数:involves 
contain, include, embrace, involve, comprehend, hold, comprise
这些动词均含有“包括,包含”之意。
contain: 普通用词,所涉及的物体常常是其组成部分或内容。强调包容关系。既可指具体有形的东西,也可指抽象无形的东西。
include: 普通用词,指一整体包含着各独立的部分,也指某东西包含另一东西的某一部分。
embrace: 正式用词,指把某事物纳入整个之中。
involve: 指包含因整体的性质决定的成分或结果。所包括的往往是无形的,不可触知的东西,多用作引申。
comprehend: 正式用词,指包含在整体范围以内。
hold: 常和contain换用。指能够容纳或有足够的容纳量。强调包容能力。
comprise: 书面用词,暗指一个整体包括不同部分所组成,可与include交换使用。

动词 involve:

  1. connect closely and often incriminatingly
    同义词:affect, regard
  2. engage as a participant
  3. have as a necessary feature or consequence; entail
    同义词:imply
  4. require as useful, just, or proper
    同义词:necessitate, ask, postulate, need, require, take, call for, demand
  5. contain as a part
  6. wrap
  7. occupy or engage the interest of
  8. make complex or intricate or complicated
  1. Giving advice at the right time has to involve a great deal of intelligence.
    在适当的时间提建议需要人的睿智。
  2. Painting the room involved moving out the piano.
    粉刷房间就要把钢琴搬出去。
  3. How should we involve ourselves in school life?
    我们应该怎样投入学校生活?

in.volve

v.tr.(及物动词)
in.volved,in.volv.ing,in.volves
To contain as a part; include.
含有,包括:包括;含有…为一部分
To have as a necessary feature or consequence; entail:
伴随,连同:作为必需特色和影响而拥有;伴随:
例句:
was told that the job would involve travel.See Synonyms at include
被告知那份工作将需要出差参见 include

To engage as a participant; embroil:
使牵涉,卷入:使某人卷进来;使参与:
例句:
involved the bystanders in his dispute with the police.
把旁观者牵扯进他与警察的争执



To connect closely and often incriminatingly; implicate:
密切关联,牵连:和…直接有关,经常指使某人担上罪责;牵连:
例句:
evidence that involved the governor in the scandal.
州长牵连进丑闻的证据

To influence or affect:
影响:影响或对…产生作用:
例句:
The matter is serious because it involves your reputation.
这件事很严重,因为它影响到你的声誉

To occupy or engage the interest of:
具有或吸引…的兴趣:
例句:
a story that completely involved me for the rest of the evening.
一个让我在那天晚上余下的时间完全沉浸其中的故事

To make complex or intricate; complicate.
使复杂:使…错综复杂;把…复杂化
To wrap; envelop:
包围;裹住:
例句:
a castle that was involved in mist.
笼罩在雾气中的城堡

Archaic To wind or coil about.
【古语】 围绕或缠绕

来源:
Middle English involven
中古英语 involven
from Latin involvere [to enwrap]
源自 拉丁语 involvere [包]
in- [in] * see in- 2
in- [在…里面] *参见 in-2
volvere [to roll, turn] * see wel- 2
volvere [滚动,转动] *参见 wel- 2

【引伸】
involve.ment
n.(名词)
involv.er
n.(名词)

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